Mixed farming systems are inherently complex as the choices are greater than crop or livestock only. This complexity is most obvious when decisions around rotations and integration are to be made. Most farmers and advisors are uncertain that integrated complex mixed farming systems provide better returns than cropping and livestock enterprises treated as separate units. They are concerned that it will compromise the cropping system and the additional work load is not rewarding enough.
However the rapidly emerging problems of herbicide resistant weeds, the rising cost of bagged nitrogen and a loss of soil carbon means farmers and advisors are having to find new solutions to these issues. This provides an opportunity to adopt greater integration of crops and livestock as a possible solution.
For more detail on crops and pasture rotation theme can be accessed here.